Agricultural Development and Food Security
At FYSSO Ghana we developed programs which contribute to the SDGs in Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger. It also contribute to attain Ghana government’s FASDEP’s mission of promoting sustainable agriculture and thriving agribusiness through research and technology development, effective extension and other support services to farmers, fishermen, processors and traders for improved human livelihood. Since the economy of the target districts is mainly agrarian, sustainable livelihood programs will be improved and/or designed to make profits that will minimize their vulnerability to socio-economic shocks and natural disasters.
FYSSO Ghana assisted communities will have the necessary capital and entrepreneurial skills to grow rural businesses to help increase household disposable income.
ACTIVITIES UNDER THIS PROJECTS
Agricultural production include strategically selected activities in the area of crops, livestock, fisheries and apiculture to satisfy the comparative advantage of the various target areas. The support to farmers here will be extension services and subsidy in a one-time package for farmers to use it as a spring-board for subsequent years’ production.
Processing of agricultural produce extends their shelf-life, puts the product in a more convenient form for consumer use, creates more jobs and gives more profit to the producer. Organized farmer cooperatives is formed to process mangoes, cashew, moringa and honey under hygienic conditions and supply local supermarkets and also venture into export. Women who produce gari (a local cassava product) are trained to fortify it with soyabean and packaged well for premium price. Existing local knowledge on fish processing is examined with identified gaps addressed through training to maintain the product quality. All these will be accompanied with training on appropriate storage to minimize post-harvest losses. Linkages with bulk purchasers is created with farmers trained on good negotiation skills to bargain for good prices. Household processing of soyabean and moringa is to encourage to fortify local carbohydrate-based foods to improve upon their nutritional value to minimize the prevalent malnutrition problems in the target communities.
Ghana government’s free market policy which allows the importation all kinds of commodities into the country has generated unfair competition against local agricultural production as most of the agricultural products, especially poultry and meat products, are subsidized from their country of origin and sold cheaper in Ghana. This has led to the near collapse of the poultry industry. The local rice industry is also suffering the same fate as most Ghanaians prefer the imported one because they are better polished, perfumed and are of the long-grain type. These, coupled with high input costs is making agriculture non-attractive leading to joblessness as over 60% of the people in Ghana are engaged in that sector. To help forestall this, FYSSO Ghana joined the Ghana Trade and Livelihoods Coalition, a local advocacy network, to influence government’s policies on agriculture to ensure fair deal for farmers.